Adjuvants and Other Nontraditional Drug Options used in Pain Management
This module examines adjuvants used in pain management and discusses certain nontraditional pharmacotherapy options, including neuraxial analgesia, neural blockade, spinal cord stimulation (SCS), and nerve toxins.
Anatomy and Physiology of Pain
This module discusses the processes involved in pain perception and pain transmission. It also explores the concept of chronic pain and the influence of gender and genetics in the pain experience.
Interdisciplinary Pain Management
This module describes interdisciplinary pain management—a comprehensive approach that recognizes the biopsychosocial nature of pain, and that leverages the successes of disease management and coordinated care programs designed for other chronic conditions. The module explains the approach, describes the roles of the members of an interdisciplinary pain management team, and discusses the challenges faced in implementing interdisciplinary pain management programs.
Nonopioid Analgesics in Pain Management
This module focuses on nonopioids (non-narcotics), which are the drugs of choice for mild to moderate pain. They act mainly on the peripheral mechanisms of pain, and they include:
• Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Nonpharmacologic Therapies in Pain Management
This module focuses on nonpharmacologic therapies that are used commonly in pain management as adjuncts to drug therapy. They target the affective, cognitive, behavioral, and sociocultural dimensions of pain. These therapies may be appropriate for patients who:
• Would benefit from avoiding or reducing pharmacotherapy.
• Value such interventions.
• Express anxiety or fear.
• Are likely to experience prolonged pain.
• Experience incomplete relief with appropriate drug therapy.
Opioid Analgesics in Pain Management
This module describes the different opioid classifications and identifies their corresponding agents. It acquaints you with the general use of opioids, how they are administered in different settings, and their adverse effects. You will learn the meaning of drug tolerance, dependence, and addiction, and gain insight into how the CDC and FDA are responding to the growing opioid crisis.
This module examines several pain assessment tools and discusses pain assessment in particular groups of patients.
Pain can be classified in various ways, each having implications for strategies in pain assessment and management. This module reviews three common ways to classify pain—by source, duration, and intensity.
Pain Management Treatment Modalities and Guidelines
This module provides an introductory overview of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments used in pain management. It acquaints you with the role of pain management guidelines and Joint Commission standards, and discusses the importance of an institutional commitment to pain management.
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